This page tries to keep track of all contra dances, traditional square dances (but not Modern Western Square Dances), traditional waltz sessions and Scandinavian dances in Kentucky including dance camps and weekends along with other events in Kentucky which include contra dancing and these other forms. Because most of the information is gathered from web sites and the listings are not updated as frequently as the web sites, dancers should visit the web sites for up-to-date information. If you are aware of any dances, dance series or other events that should be included on this list, please e-mail me.
As of April 4, 2020, the dance listings should be fairly up to date including whether dances are canceled. If a dance series has posted that dances are canceled for the "foreseeable future" or the equivalent, I've put a cancelation notice for dances up to and including April 30, 2020. I will probably extend that to May 31, 2020 by the end of next week. However, if I have not listed a cancelation for a particular dance, I strongly recommend that you check ahead. Some dances are happening. However, some have not posted anything, so a dance may or may not be happening.
Conversations and cancelations are happening every day in connection with dances as part of regular series and also weekends, festivals, etc. I'll try to keep current as much as possible, but please check the individual web sites, Facebook groups/pages, e-mail lists, etc. for the most up-to-date information about a dance or other event that you may want to attend.
Bardstown - Kentucky Music Week: Kentucky Music Week offers a full five days of instruction in a wide variety of traditional arts including all levels of fretted dulcimer and hammered dulcimer, classes in ukulele, guitar, banjo, fiddle, autoharp, penny whistle, vocal classes, old-time craft classes, and much, much more! Over 150 class choices are offered this year with something for everyone! Web site: http://www.kentuckymusicweek.com/.
Beattyville - Whippoorwill Festival: The Whippoorwill Festival, located in the beautiful foothills of Appalachia in Central Kentucky, teaches earth-friendly and sustainable living skills in a joyful, healthy, family-friendly atmosphere. Includes one dance. Web site: http://www.whippoorwillfest.com/.
Berea - Friday: The Contraire Dance Association sponsors smaller homestyle dances on the third Friday of most months from September to May from 8:00pm to 11:00pm upstairs at 128 N. Broadway with open-mic calling and a pick-up band. Usual Friday dance prices: $3.00 for everyone. Web site: http://www.bereacontradance.org/.
Berea - Saturday: The Contraire Dance Association sponsors dances on the fourth Saturday of every month from 7:30pm to 11:00pm at the Russell Acton Folk Center, 212 Jefferson Street. Usual Saturday dance prices: $6.00 for students and seniors (65+), $9.00 Regular Admission. Web site: http://www.bereacontradance.org/.
Berea - Hands Four Weekend: Dance weekend held in April at the Russel Acton Folk Center, 212 Jefferson Street and other locations with workshops on a number of dance forms and other topics. Web site: http://www.hands4-berea.com/.
Berea - Christmas Country Dance School: A week of classes in a variety of English, American, Irish, and Scandinavian dance, music, song, and craft traditions. Graded classes are offered, so beginners are given the special attention they need, while experts are provided with new insights and inspiration. Evenings are filled with dancing and Parlor, a time of sharing songs, stories, and special talents. The week concludes with a gala New Year's Eve dance. Held from December 26 to December 31. Web site: http://www.berea.edu/ccds/.
Berea/Lexington - Swing Shift: is a weekend of dances and workshops in two locations: Artworks at the Carver School, 522 Patterson St., Lexington in Lexington and the Russell Acton Folk Center at 212 Jefferson Street sponsored by the Lexington Traditional Dance Association and Oh Contraire. The weekend is in January. Web site: https://www.swingshift.ltda.us.
Berea - Waltz Weekend: Annual waltz weekend in October at the Folk Center in Berea. The primary focus of the workshop will be waltzing, including cross-step waltz and rotary waltz. The only prerequisite for attendance is knowing any form of basic waltz (rotary, cross-step, box, Viennese...). The weekend will be held at the Russel Acton Folk Center in Berea, KY (about 40 miles south of Lexington). Web site: http://www.lexingtonvintagedance.org.
Berea - International Festival: Multi-cultural festival, usually with a contra dance, held in mid-spring at various locations in Berea. Web site: http://www.berea.cc/EditablePages/homepage_bif.htm.
Berea - Festival Dancers Benefit: Dance and slient auction to benefit the Berea Festival Dancers. English, American, Contras and more! Event begins at 7:30pm at the Berea Folk Center, 212 Jefferson Street. Program will include some performance dances by the Berea Festival Dancers. Admission: $6 adult, $4 students. Proceeds to support attendance at the 2010 Marlboro Morris Ale Marlboro, Vermont and other group performances. Web site: None.
Berea - Celebration of Traditional Music: Held in mid-October at Berea College, the Celebration of Traditional Music strives to represent homemade music passed on from person to person in the Appalachian Region and the musicians who play it. Old time string band music, blues, traditional gospel singing, ballads, and acoustic instruments are featured in a family-friendly atmosphere. Berea College's students, faculty, and staff welcome the public to enjoy this festival of roots music and dancing on our campus. Bring your instruments, feet, and voices, and enjoy the many jam sessions and opportunities to learn how to sing, play, and dance to this music. Web site: http://www.berea.edu/appalachiancenter/ctm/default.asp.
Berea - Boone Tavern: Street Dance from 6:30pm to 8:30pm by the Berea College Country Dancers team, in front of Boone Tavern, 100 Main Street North, free of charge. It will feature a number of different dance styles. Web site: None.
Berea - Squares - Kentuckians for the Commonwealth: Dance and Pie Auction at the Union Church, acrost the street from Boone Tavern in Berea beginning at 7pm.'Tis a fun-raiser for some hellraisers, namely and to wit, Kentuckians for the Commonwealth( KFTC) and Radical Action for Mountain People's Survival (RAMPS). They both have a lot going on, but basically it's this: if you're not happy about the prospect of the Appalachian Mountains becoming the Appalachian Moonscape, you need to support these folks! Ye scoopage: Like our Contras. No experience needed, all dances taught, it'll be solid all Southern square dances. Wanna play music for the dance, orbring a pie, or both?? Thou shalt contact Megan at email@example.com moreinfo. Web site: None.
Berea - Kentuckians for the Commonwealth: Kentuckians for the Commonwealth-Funraiser Pie Auction and Contra Dance, Co-sponsored by Oh Contraire. Beginner lesson 7:00, Dance 7:30-11:00, Pie Auction at the break. $5 regular/$3 students or donation of a pie for the auction. Location: Berea Rusel-Acton Folk Center. Web site: http://www.bereacontradance.org.
Berea - Mountain Folk Festival: For Young Dancers from 4th grade through high school who come in dance groups from their school or other group, having learned the required dances, accompanied by their dance leader/teacher and chaperones. Held in late March or in April at Berea College.Web site: http://www.berea.edu/mff/.
Berea - Barn Dance - Central Appalachian Prisoner Support Network: Barn Dance and Cakewalk at Woods-Penniman Commons from 8pm to 10pm. All proceeds will benefit the Central Appalachian Prisoner Support Network, a group working with prisoners and their families in Central Appalachia to restore basic human rights and keep families together. Admission: $2 for students/$5 for others, children under 10 free, max $10 per family. Cakewalk tickets sold separately, $2. Web site: None.
Berea - New Opportunity School for Women: There is a great opportunity to share in the love of dance and enjoy traditional square and contradancing this coming Saturday afternoon! Along the way, meet some inspiring women who are making great changes in their lives. You are invited to join us from 1-3 pm for a dance with the New Opportunity School for Women and the Berea College Country Dancers! Calling by Frank Jenkins, Joe Wilkie, and Deborah Thompson. Live music! Find us at the Broadway Dance Studio, 128 N. Broadway in Old Town Berea (downstairs, next to the Fudge Shoppe). All dances will be taught and no experience is necessary. More info on The New Opportunity School for Women from their website, www.nosw.org - Jane B. Stephenson, wife of former Berea College President, John Stephenson, founded the NOSW in Berea, Kentucky in 1987. The program grew out of an urgent need for women in Appalachia to become better educated and employed. This need gave rise to the New Opportunity School for Women's Mission of improving the educational, financial, and personal circumstances of low-income, middle-aged women in Kentucky and the south central Appalachian region. In the past 25 years, over 600 women have completed the School's three-week residential program. Even more women have benefited from the NOSW's total programs, which also include career and education outreach and counseling. Web site: None.
Berea - Country Dances - Union Church: Fundraiser for Berea College Country Dancers from 8-10 pm at Union Church Community Room (basement – enter from side door). All dances will be taught – no experience necessary! Admission: Free, but donation requested, $2 students & children, $5 adults. Web site: None.
Berea - 2nd Friday Dance Sampler: You can expect to see the accent on lively dances including samples of American Squares, English Country, Appalachian Big Set, Contra chestnuts, Danish, Kerry Sets, and even an instructional session on Hambo. We will dance to recorded music, and it will be $2 at the door. This knees-up will run from 8 to 10 pm, and it will be in the DOWNSTAIRS dance studio at 128 N. Broadway in Berea, not upstairs. For info call 859-985-5501. Web site: None.
Berea - Whippoorwill Festival: The Whippoorwill Festival, located in the beautiful foothills of Appalachia in Central Kentucky, teaches earth-friendly and sustainable living skills in a joyful, healthy, family-friendly atmosphere. Includes one dance. Web site: http://www.whippoorwillfest.com/.
Berea - 1st Friday: Oh Contraire and the Berea College Country Dancers have conspired to inaugurate dancing on 1st Fridays. This newbie is called "Contra Plus" and it's on the Berea College campus, FREE for all students, just $2 for the rest of us. Half the dances will be the Contra dances you know and love; the other half will be dances of like kind which proved popular during the Berea "Dance Sampler" series this summer. Possibilities include squares, some of the lively English Country dances, Levi Jackson Rag, mountain big sets, and the occasional couples dance such as swing, polka, schottish, and Salty Dog Rag. Always a final waltz! Beginners are especially encouraged to attend this series for an easy intro into the dance world, then come to the 3rd Friday and 4th Saturday dances for a Total Contra Infusion. Dancing may be to recorded music at first, but the hope is to have live music ere long. The dance will run from 8:00 to 10:00 pm on 1st Fridays. Location: Berea College Seabury Center Dance Studio. Once inside, ask for the Dance Studio. It's kind of tucked away on the upper level at the end of a long hallway. Google maps is not to be trusted for Seabury and will only get you within 200 yards. See a campus map instead at http://www.berea.edu/campus-map/ and Seabury is the biggest building on it, key letter "R." Web site: None.
Berea - Waltz Workshop: Waltz workshop from 2:00 to 4:00 pm at the Woods-Penniman Commons on the Berea College Campus. Entitled "Cross-Step Waltz: Out of the Box," the workshop will consist of a lesson on using cross-step waltz variations in the context of the American slow waltz (box-step waltz), followed by open waltzing to recorded music. Participants should have some previous waltz experience, but knowledge of cross-step waltz is not a prerequisite. The workshop is being offered in cooperation with the ballroom dance class at Berea College and is free to Berea College students. It is open to the public; non-students may attend for $7 admission at the door. Web site: None.
Berea - Schottische Workshop: Event from 3:15 to 5:15 at the Mind Body Studio (128 N. Broadway in Old Town). There is almost always a Schottische at the monthly Mostly Waltz dance in Lexington, and Schottische is a part of many dance traditions, from Sweden to Argentina. The instructors will teach you the basic steps, which you can use to improvise a dance. Then they will show you some of the national variants, such as the Norwegian Reinlender, the Scottish Highland Schottische, and the American Salty Dog Rag. The fee for Dance of the Month is $10 per person ($5 students). Web site: None.
Berea - Squares - Fabulachian Ball: Square Dance and Cake Walk from 7:30pm until 9:30pm at the CPO Lounge, Woods-Penn. Berea College. The Harvey Milk Society is throwin' a party, y'all! The event is free and open to all. We'll have a square dance, a cake walk, and a good time! The calling will not be gender-specific, so you can dance with anyone you please. You're also more than welcome to attend in drag if you feel like it. We can't wait to see y'all there; don't forget your dancing shoes! Web site: https://www.facebook.com/pages/The-Harvey-Milk-Society/267417523282220.
Berea - Berea College Barn Dance: Dance at Berea College, Alumni Activities Room, from 8pm to 11pm. Web site: None.
Berea - Berea College Community Dance: It kicks off at 7:30 at the rather barn-like Woods-Penn Commons on the Berea College campus, and it's free for BC students, and $5 for everyone else. Web site: None.
Berea - Day of Traditional Music and Dance: Dance: 2:00pm-4:00pm $4 students/seniors, $8 rest of us (Akton Folk Center). Potluck: Setup 4:30, Eat 5:00-6:00 (128 N Broadway). Concert: 6:30-8:30 $5 students/seniors, $10 rest of us (128 N Broadway). Jam session: 8:30 onward (128 N Broadway). All Day Price: $8 students/seniors, $16 for the rest of us. Web site: http://bereacontradance.org.
Berea - Celtic Festival: Mostly music (with some dancing) weekend festival in August. Web site: http://www.berea-celtic.com.
Berea - Sustainable - Harvest Festival: As part a multi-venue, multi-event festival, attend a street dance from 6pm to 8pm on Short Street (behind the square in the circle). No experience or partner necessary – all dances will be taught and can be done by anyone. Wear shoes that will stay on your feet and comfortable clothes. Rain Location: Baird Lounge, Alumni Building, Berea College. Web site: http://sustainableberea.org.
Berea - Folk Circle - Open House: Event from 2pm to 5pm (contra dancing at 4pm) at the Russel Acton Folk Center. Come and meet Berea Festival dancers, Berea College Country Dancers, Lexington Vintage Dancers, Shape Note Singers, Squash Beetle, Berea Folk Gymnastics Club and also learn more about Berea Celtic Festival, Wassail Tour, Richard Powers Waltz Weekend, Danish American Exchange and Christmas Celebration, Hands Four Spring Dance, book and music store, Levi Jackson and much more. Refreshments and cookies served. In cooperation with Berea Chamber of Commerce. Web site: https://www.facebook.com/groups/209401409099378/.
Berea - Fall Mountain Folk Festival: Weekend of music, dance, and other activities at the Russel Acton Folk Center and the large pavilion at Memorial Park. Accommodations on your own. Web site: http://www.berea-folk-circle.org/fall-mountain-folk-festival.
Berea - Happiness Hills: Dance at 6pm at Happiness Hills Farm and Retreat Center, 8682 Battlefield Memorial Hwy, Berea, KY. Web site: https://happinesshillsfarm.wordpress.com/home/.
Berea - Street Dance: Street dance on Main Street in College Square from 6pm to 8pm sponsored by the Berea College Country Dancers and Berea College Dance Programs. Web site: https://www.berea.edu/dance.
Berea - Happiness Hills Farm - Family Dance: A family dance is happening from 6:30 to 8:00, out at Happiness Hills Farm, 8682 Battlefield Memorial Hwy, about 10 minutes outside of town. There will be contras, squares and English Country dances for all, and it's only $5 per family. The mission of the family dance is to provide a place for kids and their parents to learn the basics of folk dancing in a fun and welcoming environment. As always, no experience necessary. Web site: https://www.facebook.com/bereafamilydance/.
Berea - Squares - Singing Bird Music School: Three-day mostly music program with a little square dancing. An Appalachian community music gathering with hands-on workshops. All musicians ages 10 and up are welcome. Register in advance. Web site: https://www.singingbirdschool.com.
Berea - Squares - Singing Bird Music School - Public Dance: Free community dance open to the public from 7pm to 9pm at the Russel Acton Folk Center, 212 West Jefferson Street, Berea, Kentucky. Web site: https://www.singingbirdschool.com.
Bowling Green - Squares - Calling Workshop: Workshop at The A-Frame, 1229 Center Street, Bowling Green, Kentucky 42101 from 10am to 3pm. RSVP 270-557-9470. Web site: https://www.facebook.com/events/809158509482031/.
Bowling Green - Squares - Historic Venue: Dance at The Historic Venue on 7th 314 East 7th Ave, Bowling Green, Kentucky 42101 from 7pm to 9pm. Admission: $5. Web site: https://www.facebook.com/events/3011635128907145/.
Carcassonne - Squares: The famous Carcassonne Square Dance occurs every second Saturday of the month from April-December. Dances are held at the Community Center, Square Dance Rd., Carcassonne, Kentucky 41804. Time: 6pm to 9pm. Food available for sale. Web site: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Carcassonne-Community-Center/148147188566236.
Carlisle - Squares - Three Springs Farm: Event is at the Nicholas County Historical Society, 108 W Main St, Carlisle, Kentucky 40311 from 6:00 pm to 11:00 pm, $5 at the door, at the historic Neal Welcome Center in Carlisle. Dinner options: pot-luck or pizza at E-Z Riders next door to the Neal Building. BYOB. Square Dance: 7:00-9:00 pm in the newly remodeled 19th century Mozart Hall upstairs. First floor open jamming from 6:00-11:00 pm in the renovated Neal’s Square Deals General Store, now owned and operated as a welcome center by the Nicholas Co. Historical Society. Bring your instruments! For more information, email David at firstname.lastname@example.org, or call (859) 289-2562. Web site: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Three-Springs-Farm/184804018261373.
Columbia - Lindsey Wilson College: Dance at the Doris and Bob Holloway Health and Wellness Center at 7pm. No partner necessary, easy dances, low-heeled shoes recommended. Free to LWC students, faculty, and staff. All others $6 (students $). For more information contact Joel Peterson - email@example.com or 270-384-7380. Web site: http://lindsey.edu.
Covington - Pigtown Fling: A dance weekend held in March and sponsored by the Cincinnati Contra Dancers. The event location is Holmes High School, 2500 Madison Avenue. Register in advance for a discount. A la carte available. Web site: http://www.cincinnaticontradance.org/pigtown.htm.
Crestwood - Squares - Benefit for Appalshop and WMMT: Event begins at 6:00pm at North Star Farm: 4300 Glenarm Rd, Crestwood, KY 40014. You are invited to an old-time square dance and Appalshop film screening out on the Soltau family farm to fundraise for Whitesburg, KY’s community radio station, arts, and education center. Square Dance! Outdoor screening of Appalshop short films and feature film, Anne Braden: Southern Patriot. Bonfire and jamming into the night. Web site: http://appalshop.org/about/.
Crestwood - Squares - Rural-Urban Exchange Benefit: Farm Party and Square Dance at 4300 Glenarm Road, Crestwood, KY 40014 to support partnerships between Louisville and Eastern KY through The Art Of The Rural and Appalshop. Please bring cash or check for donations to the program!!! Food and drink for sale. Web site: https://www.facebook.com/events/1452128261741386/.
Crestwood - Squares - Foxhollow Farm: Foxhollow will be hosting the workshop: Merging Modern Methods and Old-Time Wisdom of Gardening and Farming with Jeff Poppen. Let's celebrate nature and welcome Jeff with a Square Dance! 7PM in the Farm Center; 7:30 Dancing starts! $5 to get into the dance. Family Friendly! All dances taught. No experience necessary. No one is required to dance. It is a social event. Predominantly simple and traditional southern figures. No dress code or partner needed. Anyone can dance with anyone regardless of gender. All are welcome, even if you aren't participating in the workshop. If you do want to check out the workshop, you can here: https://www.facebook.com/events/704901492876518/ - Web site: http://www.foxhollow.com.
Crestwood - Yew Dell Botanical Gardens: Dance from 5:30 PM – 8 PM at Yew Dell Botanical Gardens, 6220 Old Lagrange Rd, Crestwood, Kentucky 40014 as part of its Bourbon and Botanical series of events. Web site: https://www.yewdellgardens.org.
Crestwood - Squares - Foxhollow Farm - Harvest Hoedown: Square dance on Friday night from 6pm to 9pm as part of this Friday/Saturday event. A creatively curated, two-day, family-friendly music festival. Fall flair will be front and center on both days including; a Pick your Own Pumpkin Patch featuring heirloom & edible varieties, a hay fort for children to play, delicious farm-fresh food, and fall-inspired libations. Promenade in the pasture this fall at Foxhollow! Location: Foxhollow Farm, 8905 Highway 329, Crestwood, Kentucky 40014. Web site: http://www.foxhollow.com.
Danville - Centre College: The dance will be at Centre College Campus Center, 602 West Walnut Street, Danville, KY 40422 from 9pm to midnight. Web site: None.
Frankfort - Capital City Historical Dancers and Musicians - Family Dance Lessons: All dances are fun and easy to learn. Every dance is taught with a walk through. Historic dances of the 1600s through early 20th Century include: English Court, Country and Barn Dances Colonial Contra Dances Appalachian Big Sets and running Sets Early American Squares and more from the American Colonial, Revolutionary and Civil War eras through early 20th century also for fun: some Waltzes, International dances, Quadrilles, line, Novelty and more modern dances. The Dance Band provides traditional reels, jigs, English, breakdowns, and waltzes. WELCOME: Couples, Singles, Teens, Kids with Parents or Grandparents. Join us at At Thornhill Education Center, 700 Leslie Ave. Frankfort, KY for family fun and fellowship through dance Fridays from 7pm to 9pm. For dates and fees please see our announcements page on the web. Web site: http://cchdm.weebly.com/index.html.
Frankfort - Capital City Historical Dancers and Musicians - Saturday Social Dance: All dances are fun and easy to learn. Every dance is taught with a walk through. Historic dances of the 1600s through early 20th Century include: English Court, Country and Barn Dances Colonial Contra Dances Appalachian Big Sets and running Sets Early American Squares and more from the American Colonial, Revolutionary and Civil War eras through early 20th century also for fun: some Waltzes, International dances, Quadrilles, line, Novelty and more modern dances. The Dance Band provides traditional reels, jigs, English, breakdowns, and waltzes. WELCOME: Couples, Singles, Teens, Kids with Parents or Grandparents. Join us at At Thornhill Education Center, 700 Leslie Ave. Frankfort, KY for family fun and fellowship. Refreshments at 7:30 Dancing from 8 to 10 pm. $5 Web site: http://cchdm.weebly.com/index.html.
Frankfort - Capital City Historical Dancers and Musicians - Ward Oakes: Social time starting at 7:30pm Dancing from 8pm to 10pm at the Ward Oakes Amphitheater, 520 E Main St, Frankfort, KY. Emphasis on teaching and family involvement. Free to the public. Web site: http://cchdm.weebly.com/index.html.
Frankfort - Squares - Pine Mountain Settlement School Benefit: No experience necessary, just come and have a great time. Admission $5 ($3 for students age 10 to 17; under 10 free). All proceeds go to support restoration projects at Pine Mountain Settlement School in Harlan Co. Location: Church of the Ascension, 311 Washington Street, Frankfort, KY 40601. Start time: 7:30pm. Web site: https://www.facebook.com/events/218726974982983/.
Frankfort - Friday Family Dance Lessons: Dances at the Thorn Hill Learning Center, 700 Leslie Avenue, Frankfort, KY, 40601 from 6:30pm to 8:30pm. Web site: http://cchdm.weebly.com/index.html.
Frankfort - Squares - Cowan Creek Mountain Music Benefit: Concert from 5pm to 7pm and square dancing from 7pm to 9pm at the Church of the Ascension- Episcopal, 311 Washington Street, Frankfort, KY 40601 to benefit the Cowan Creek Mountain Music School. Food will be available for purchase Eastern Kentucky Chilli Dogs, Soup Beans, and Corn Bread along with soft drinks, water, and coffee. Web site: https://www.facebook.com/events/2108421366039463/.
Frankfort - Friday Family Dances: Dances at the Thorn Hill Learning Center, 700 Leslie Avenue, Frankfort, KY, 40601. Each session (series of dances, five in all) will meet from 6:30pm-8:30pm at Thornhill Learning Center. Each session will cost $25 for a family of 3 or more dancers, $20 for a couple and $15 for an individual dancer. If you wish to help our younger dancers learn these wonderful dances then you may join both sessions (Friday Community Dance is the other session) for the previous prices of $45 for a family, $35 for a couple and $25 for an individual. Web site: http://cchdm.weebly.com/index.html.
Frankfort - Friday Community Dances: Dances at the Thorn Hill Learning Center, 700 Leslie Avenue, Frankfort, KY, 40601. Each session (series of dances, five in all) will meet from 6:30pm-8:30pm at Thornhill Learning Center. Dancer Fee. Entire Season: Per individual $25, Two people registered as partners $35 or Family Rate $45 for 3 or more members of the same family. Early registration due by August 24. Single Dance: Individual $4, Couple $7, Family $10. Web site: http://cchdm.weebly.com/index.html.
Harrodsburg - Shaker Booty: If you're heading to Lexington for Dance Trance, you can extend your weekend and join us at Shaker Village for a wonderful dinner followed by waltzes, contras, and a Levi Jackson rag. Afterwards, we'll relax and enjoy each other's company. Reservations are needed if you plan to stay over at this location. Check site for details. Location: Shaker Village of Pleasant Hill, 3501 Lexington Rd, Harrodsburg, KY. Web site: https://www.facebook.com/events/299042880226362/.
Harrodsburg - Shaker Village: Kick up your heels during this lively folk dance in the Meeting House! Enjoy live music, dance lessons and good times with new friends. All levels encouraged. No prior dance experience necessary. The dance will include a variety of old-time and traditional dances, including contras and squares. Location: Shaker Village of Pleasant Hill, 3501 Lexington Road, Harrodsburg KY 40330. Time: 6pm to 8pm. Web site: http://shakervillageky.org.
Harrodsburg - Squares - Shaker Village: Square Dance at Shaker Village of Pleasant Hill, 3501 Lexington Road, Harrodsburg, Kentucky 40330 from 6 to 8 PM. The dance will be targeted for beginners. There will be a $5 entrance fee to the Shaker Village that evening ($10 for anyone entering before 3:30 PM), which will also include admission to the full Village. This dance is part of our larger fall Harvest Festival, which should be a great event! Web site: http://shakervillageky.org.
Hazard - Squares - Kentuckians for the Commonwealth: Pies to eat! Pies to buy! Squares to dance! Cakes to walk! Come out to support Kentuckians For The Commonwealth. We'll have a fun night for all with good food and music! Look here for more details in the coming days! The Perry County Chapter of KFTC is hosting this as a fundraiser to support our voter engagement work over the coming year. Please contact Jacob at firstname.lastname@example.org or 606-497-9262 if you'd like to donate a baked good or volunteer during the event! Web site: http://kftc.org/chapters/perry-county.
Hindman - Dumplin's and Dancin': A heritage food and dance weekend on the Forks of Troublesome Creek at the Hindman Settlement School, 254 Highway 160 S, Hindman, Kentucky 41822. Register in advance. Web site: https://www.hindmansettlement.org.
Hindman - Family Folk Week: A week, for individuals and families, of traditional Appalachian music, dance, crafts, storytelling, instrument playing and special children's activities. Register in advance. Web site: https://www.hindmansettlement.org.
Hindman - Squares - Settlement School: Community Potluck and Square Dance at the Hindman Settlement School, 56 Education Lane, Hindman, Kentucky 41822 (or May Stone Building, 71 Center Street, Hindman, KY) from 6pm to 9pm. Supper at 6pm Dance from 7-9pm. Main dish will be provided. Bring a side dish to share if you can or just bring yourself and your buddies! Everyone is welcome! Donations will also be accepted for the Knott County Farmers Market. Questions? Contact Abby Huggins or Jacob Mack-Boll at (606) 785-5475. Web site: https://www.hindmansettlement.org/>.
Hyden - Squares: Dances at the HCTC Leslie County Center Gymnasium. Admission: $3 per person or $5 per couple; free for K-12. Concessions available. Location: 108 Maple Street, near the Mary Breckenbridge Hospital. Call Chris Mullins at 606-487-3490 or email@example.com or more information. Web site: https://www.facebook.com/HydenSquareDance.
Lexington - Friday: The Lexington Traditional Dance Association usually dances at Artworks at the Carver School, 522 Patterson Street, Lexington, KY, 8:00pm to 10:30pm (7:30p for new dancer workshop). Saturday dances are $9.00 or $6.00 for students or first time dancers. Friday dances are $8.00 or $5.00 for students, etc. Special events, including Swing Shift, Dance Trance, and special Friday dances may have different prices. Atcher, Beck, and Kahl is the open band lead by David Atcher and/or Cary Ravitz. All musicians are welcome on these nights. Web site: https://www.ltda.us.
Lexington - Saturday: The Lexington Traditional Dance Association usually dances at Artworks at the Carver School, 522 Patterson Street, Lexington, KY, 8:00p to 11:00p (7:30p for new dancer workshop). Saturday dances are $9.00 or $6.00 for students or first time dancers. Friday dances are $8.00 or $5.00 for students, etc. Special events, including Swing Shift, Dance Trance, and special Friday dances may have different prices. Atcher, Beck, and Kahl is the open band lead by David Atcher. All musicians are welcome on these nights. Questions? (859) 420-6780 or firstname.lastname@example.org. Web site: https://www.ltda.us.
Lexington - Dance Trance: Dance weekend in June held at the Morton Middle School, 1225 Tates Creek Road. Register in advance or a la carte (as of 2016). Web site: https://www.dancetrance.ltda.us.
Lexington - Squares - The Burl: Square dance as part of the kickoff for the Lexington Old-Time Music Gathering. Event is from 7pm to midnight with the dance from 7pm to 9pm. Location: The Burl, 375 Thompson Rd, Lexington, Kentucky 40508. $5 at the door. Web site: https://www.facebook.com/TheBurlKy/.
Lexington - Squares - Old Time Music Gathering: The Lexington Gathering is a four-day winter music festival bringing Kentucky's traditional arts to the Commonwealth's largest epicenter. The weekend features the “old masters” of traditional mountain music; dance callers from throughout the state; performances by accomplished and emerging string bands; youth workshops and performances; academic presentations; jamming for all skill levels; dance, singing, and instrument workshops; literary readings; instrument and art vendors; and some of our finest farm-to-table eating experiences. Web site: http://www.kyoldtime.org/lotmg/.
Lexington - Squares - Lexington Gathering: The Lexington Gathering is a four-day winter music festival bringing Kentucky's traditional arts to the Commonwealth's largest epicenter. The weekend features the “old masters” of traditional mountain music; dance callers from throughout the state; performances by accomplished and emerging string bands; youth workshops and performances; academic presentations; jamming for all skill levels; dance, singing, and instrument workshops; literary readings; instrument and art vendors; and some of our finest farm-to-table eating experiences. Web site: https://www.lexgathering.com/.
Lexington - Squares - Friends Meeting Quakers: Dance and concert at Lexington Friends Meeting Quakers, 649 Price Ave, Lexington, Kentucky 40508. 6:30pm concert, 7:00pm to 8:30pm square dance. $10 suggested Donation. Web site: https://www.facebook.com/events/440148749906048/.
Lexington - Waltz - Thursday: Come dance with us on Thursday nights at the Lexington Friends Meeting House, 649 Price Ave., Lexington, KY for an evening of waltzing, some polka, two step, ragtime tango, did we mention waltzing? Social waltzing 6:30-7:00 pm, followed by guided instruction from 7:00-9:00 pm on various other dances with more waltzing sprinkled in. Come single or partnered in casual dress and shoes that turn well on Lexington Friend's excellent floor. Free convenient parking, pay as you can admission, and the nicest folks to be found. See you on the dance floor! Web site: http://www.lexingtonvintagedance.org.
Louisville - Gilda's Club: The Club is sponsoring an old-fashioned street dance for the entire community from 5:30pm to 8:00pm on Rogers Street at Baxter Avenue for every find of family and folks of all ages. There will be delicious food available for purchase by the very hip Food Trucks including vegetarian/vegan options. Web site: http://www.gildasclublouisville.org.
Louisville - Monday: The Louisville Country Dancers sponsor dances every Monday at the Highland Community Campus at 1228 E. Breckinridge St., unless otherwise noted, from 8:00 pm - 10:30 pm. Beginners' lesson at 7:30pm. The house band plays excellent traditional and Celtic music. The callers are varied and capable callers from the region. Please wear comfortable shoes with non-marking soles. The admission fee for Mondays is Under 30 = $4; 30 and over = $6; 12 and under, 75 and over, and first time = Free! Sometimes there is special pricing. Web site: http://www.louisvillecountrydancers.org/.
Louisville - Saturday: The Louisville Country Dancers sponsor dances on 3rd Saturdays at the Highland Community Campus at 1228 E. Breckinridge St., unless otherwise noted, from 8:00 pm - 10:30 pm. Beginners Lesson at 7:30. Please wear comfortable shoes with non-marking soles. The admission fee on Saturday night - Under 30 = $6; 30 and over = $9; 12 and under or 75 and over = Free! Web site: http://www.louisvillecountrydancers.org/.
Louisville - Fleur-de-Lis Dance Weekend: The Louisville Country Dancers sponsor this dance weekend held in November at Highland Community Campus at 1228 E. Breckinridge St. Register for the full weekend or at the door. Web site: http://www.loukyfleurfling.org/.
Louisville - Special: A special dance on a special night sponsored by the Louisville Country Dancers at Highland Community Campus at 1228 E. Breckinridge St. Admission $5. Web site: http://www.louisvillecountrydancers.org/.
Louisville - New Year's Eve: Location: Episcopal Church of The Advent, 901 Baxter Avenue, Louisville, Kentucky 40204. Time:8pm to 11:59pm. $10. Potluck at 7pm. Bring snack to share. Web site: http://www.louisvillecountrydancers.org/.
Louisville - Contra Dance Sound Workshop: Sponsored & hosted by the Louisville Country Dancers. A free workshop for those desiring to learn more about running sound for dances. With Wes Maluk, the dean of contra dance sound men. Wes Maluk will use his two decades of contra dance experience--as musician, sound engineer and dancer, to make doing sound for contra dances a more rewarding, less stressful and enjoyable time for all involved. Workshop is from 1-4 PM, Church of the Advent, 901 Baxter Ave., Louisville. Please respond to Tom Cunningham at email@example.com, if you plan to attend, so we know how many folks to prepare for. And feel free to direct questions to the same address. Web site: http://www.louisvillecountrydancers.org/.
Louisville - Potato Run Weekend: Annual dance weekend in Louisville, Kentucky at the Church of the Advent located at 901 Baxter Avenue. The event is sponsored by the Louisville Contradancers. Web site: http://www.louisvillecountrydancers.org/.
Louisville - Squares - LOTSA: The Louisville Old Time Squares Association (LOTSA) has organized an event series for all types of folks of all ages. On the Third Thursday of every month there will be a live band playing traditional American dance music and a caller to teach even those with two left feet how to dance like its 1899. Simple moves and upbeat fiddle music will put a smile on anyone's face whether dancing or just watching and socializing. All events are held in the big banquet room of the Schnitzelburg Amvets hall, Post #9 - Danny Mac's Pizza, located at 1567 S Shelby St, 40217. There will be a $5 cover charge (Amvets members, under 18, and volunteers get in free). The doors open at 7 pm, beginners dance workshop starts at 7:30 with dancing 8-10:30. The events are all ages. How can one help support this community event? Come early for drinks and pizza and support the neighborhood venue. Invite all of your local facebook and non-internet friends. LOTSA is always in need of volunteers. They need folks to flyer around town, work short shifts during the events, and set up the hall. Email firstname.lastname@example.org for further inquiry. Web site: https://www.facebook.com/groups/LOTSA/.
Louisville - How-To Festival: Annual event features new things to learn and new people to teach more than 50 things in 5 hours for free. Dance at 1pm. Web site: http://www.lfpl.org/how-to/.
Louisville - Blackacre: Barn dance at the Blackacre State Nature Preserve and Historic Homestead, 3200 Tucker Station Road Louisville, KY 40299. Time: 6:00 pm. Cost: $5/member and $10/family; $8/non-member and $15/family. Blackacre will be hosting a barn dance this fall. Bring the family for an evening of dancing, live music, food and fun. All skill levels are encouraged, you don’t need to be a dancer to have fun, we will teach you all you need to know to be square dancing in no time. Enjoy a fall evening on the farm. Web site: http://blackacreconservancy.org.
Louisville - Muhammad Ali Center: Come join us contra dancing at the Muhammad Ali Center on for the Hello Neighbor Day of Dignity. Event is from 12:00-5:00, we will contra at 1:30-2:30. Live entertainment and dancing, international food, famility activites. Free admission with a donation: new or gently used coats, gloves, hats, scarves, alarm clocks, blankets shower curtains, can openers, plates, utensils, cups, pots, and pans. Web site: https://www.facebook.com/MuhammadAliCenter.
Louisville - Squares - LOTSA - Thanksgiving Benefit: Dance from 7:00pm to 10:30pm (or 10:00pm), Fresh Start Growers Supply, 1007 E. Jefferson Street (at Wenzel), Louisville, Kentucky. A Pre Thanksgiving Day Square Dance to give us all the chance to give thanks for the chance to dance regularly in Louisville. This will also be a fundraiser for LOTSA( Louisville Old Time Square Dance Association) to help us make a little money before the end of the year so we can have an AMAZING Spring season next year. This money helps with decoration, feeding and hydrating the bands as well as paying them, and making it worth their while to come from far away to hang in Louisville. It helps us with sound equipment, flyers, cooking cakes and pies, and just keeping the good times rolling! Land Holy Holy Mol&ecute; Taco Truck feeding you dinner so you don't have to cook anymore before the big turkey day! How Much: Suggested donation of $3. Come one, Come all and please give what you can. Bring the kids, friends in town for the holiday, and your granny! We're gonna have some fun! Web site: https://www.facebook.com/events/467977649988921/.
Louisville - Squares - Friday: Dance at Amvets Post 9, 1567 South Shelby Street, Louisville, Kentucky 40217 from 7pm to 11pm. Come on out to the Friday Night Old-Time String Band Jam and Square Dance. Food from Danny Mac's Pizza. Beverages from AMVETS Post #9. A $5 Donation is requested. Kids under 18 get in FREE. Come dance or hang out and watch the fun. Always a good time at post 9! This event is a fundraiser to raise money for projects that help veterans, veteran's family and the community. Starts at 7pm. Web site: None.
Louisville - Squares - Americana World Festival: The Americana World Festival is a free, family-oriented event that brings together members of the local community to share and celebrate the cultural heritages of the Louisville Metro community and the neighborhoods surrounding Americana Community Center. Includes a full day of performances, food, and fun. Web site: http://americanacc.org/special-events/world-festival/.
Louisville - Squares - Health Science Center: Location: George J Howe Red Barn @ The University of Louisville. No experience is necessary! There will be a lesson provided at 7:00 PM with the actual dancing starting at 7:30 PM. Do not worry if you cannot make it at 7 PM, each dance is taught during the dance and all you have to do is listen and follow directions! Admission is $5 and there will be a cake walk with a $1 participation fee. As is usual with HSC events, there will be food! 100% of the proceeds will be donated to Camp Quality Kentuckiana. This event is open to the public, so you do not have to be a UofL student to come. We can't wait to see you there! Web site: https://www.facebook.com/events/1502744406627728/.
Louisville - Electro Contra: At this special Friday contra dance, there will be electro reworkings of traditional contra dance tunes and original productions. Admission is $10 for all ages. Beginner lesson at 7:30. Dancing from 8:30 to 11:00. Location: Highlands Community Campus. Web site: http://www.louisvillecountrydancers.org/.
Louisville - Dancestravaganza: Special dance event from 1pm to midnight at the Highlands Community Campus, 1228 E Breckinridge St, Louisville, Kentucky 40204. The prices for the day will be $20 for those under 30 and $30 for those at or over 30. Payment will be at the door, not in advance. Web site: http://www.louisvillecountrydancers.org/.
Louisville - House of Pterodactyl: House party/dance at House of Pterodactyl, 1419 Goddard Ave, Louisville KY. Dance Contra. Talk. Snack. Have fun. Doors open at 7. Dancing likely starts 7:30 or 8. Web site: https://www.facebook.com/events/1608667236050132/.
Louisville - TimeBank Anniversary: Festive potluck and silent auction at 5pm ($5 admission), 1228 East Breckinridge. Contact them to sign up for a dish. Dance and dessert buffet at 7pm. Web site: http://louisvilletimebank.org.
Louisville - Waltz: Dance from 7pm to 9pm at the Highlands Community Campus, 1228 E Breckinridge St, Louisville, Kentucky 40204. Admission $5. Web site: http://www.louisvillecountrydancers.org/.
Louisville - Squares - Kaiju: We will have tunes, FREE food, and a Jack Daniels sponsored happy hour but this week we will also be having a SQUARE DANCE in the back room at Kaiju, 1004 E Oak St, Louisville, Kentucky 40204 from 5pm to 9pm! All dances will be taight. No experience or partner neccesary. We are hosting this dance to raise funds for a place VERY near and dear to our hearts, the Cowan Creek Mountain Music School in Whitesburg, KY. We are particularly trying to raise some extra funds to pay their teacher assistants this year. As always this event will be FREE, but donations towards the school would be encouraged and accepted. Come and dance with the Kentucky Roundups. Bring your instrument if you want to play. Enjoy free food, cheap drinks, and dancing! Free food provided by Dragon King's Daughter. Free food is served at 6PM until it's gone. Drink specials sponsored by Jack Daniels. Web site: https://www.facebook.com/events/1570688483258963/.
Louisville - Squares - The Speed: Dance at The Speed Art Museum, 2035 S 3rd St, Louisville, KY 40208-1812, United States, from 6pm to 9pm. Mix of square dancing, line dancing and other activities. $15, Members FREE. Web site: https://www.facebook.com/groups/LOTSA/.
Louisville - Clifton Roots, Jazz and Heritage Festival: An evening contra dance occurs on one day of this multi-day music and dance festival. The only day listed is for the contra dance. Check site for more information. Web site: http://www.cliftoncenter.org.
Louisville - Squares - Save the "144": Watershed Festival presents "Save the 144", a benefit supporting land and water protection in Eastern Kentucky. Location: Monnik Beer Co., 1036 E Burnett Ave, Louisville, Kentucky 40217 from 6:30pm to 11:00pm Web site: https://www.facebook.com/events/856717081199073/.
Louisville - WorldFest: TheLouisville Country Dancers have been invited to perform at WorldFest. We will be doing a demonstration of contra dancing, and we will encourage audience participation. We will be performing on the main stage, from 3:45PM to 4:45 PM. We really need volunteers to dance with us!! This is sure to be a lot of fun!! The organizers have asked that we are present 1 hour in advance (2:45 PM). Allison Jones is coordinating. You can ask questions here in this event posting, under discussion, or contact email@example.com - Web site: https://www.facebook.com/events/2454567044796952/.
Ludlow - Squares: Dance at St. Boniface and James Church, 304 Oak Street, Ludlow, KY 41016; St. James auditorium, 318 Oak Street. (800) 381-8232 starting at 7pm. Square dancing to live traditional Appalachian music is the only way to do it!! Web site: http://ludlowtheater.blogspot.com/.
McKee: Free Old-Time dance and potluck supper in McKee at the McKee City Park, which is about 2 blocks north of the courthouse, along Ky Hwy 89. Potluck supper at 6:00, followed by an old-time Appalachian dance from 7 to 9. Web site: None.
Millville - Kentucky Heartwood Benefit: Benefit dance of contras, squares and more at the Millville Community Center at 7:00pm. $5 at the door. If you'd like to experience a genuine old fashioned community dance, come join us! This event is a fundraiser for Kentucky Heartwood whose mission to protect and restore native forests has resulted in significant protection for the 700,000-acre Daniel Boone National Forest in southeastern Kentucky. Come early for hot homemade food and dessert. All evening we will run a slideshow of beautiful parts of the Daniel Boone National Forest that will amaze you. Kentucky Heartwood T shirts, literature, and Terri Berish's one-of-a-kind mugs will be available for sale! Come have fun and dance for a fantastic cause! Web site: http://www.kyheartwood.org/.
Millville - Kentucky Heartwood Music Festival: Square/contra/international dancing are one of the activities held at the Millville Community Center. There are concerts, competitions, and ecological/environmental/farming workshops. Web site: http://www.kyheartwood.org/music-festival.html.
Morehead - Old Time Fiddlers Convention: Mostly music events and contests during a two-day weekend event in July with two square dances on Saturday night. Web site: http://www.organicconceptions.com/motfc/home.html.
Morehead - Old Time Music Festival: The Morehead Old Time Music Festival offers music contests, educational workshops, dancing, and camping. The festival is held on the Jaycee's Farm, just east of Morehead city limits. Web site: http://www.moreheadoldtime.com/.
Morehead - Rowan County Arts Center: Dance at the Center, 205 East Main Street, Morehead, KY, 40351 from 7-9pm. Live traditional band. Admission: $3; free for students. Web site: https://www.rowancountyartscenter.com/.
: Murray - Kentucky Dance Institute: Week-long dance program including contras, squares, International, children, ballroom, Scandinavian, Balkan. Register in advance. Web site: http://www.knobtiger.com/.
Nancy - Cumberland Dance Camp - Callers' Intensive Week: Class sessions during each day of the dance week. This class is for people who want to: learn to call from scratch (contras or squares), take their calling to the next level, call and teach more effectively and practice calling in a safe space. Register in advance. Web site: https://sites.google.com/a/cumberlanddanceweek.org/camp/home.
Newport - Squares: Dance at Southgate House Revival, 111 E. 6th Street, Newport, KY, 41071 from 8:30pm to 11:30pm hosted by Cincinnati's Northside Square Dance. Free admission. Come dance the night away! Web site: https://southgatehouse.com.
Olive Hill - Squares - Fraley Festival of Traditional Music: A square dance on Saturday from 2pm to 5pm in a cave is one of the activities during this music festival. Either $5 for the square dance or $5 for Saturday's activities including the square dance. Web site: https://fraleyfestival.com.
Owenton - Squares: Dance at the Owen County Public Library in Owenton, Ky. (roughly 80 miles NE of Louisville). Time: 6pm start. Cost: not available at this time. Sponsored by the Owen County Historical Society. Dancing will be on a carpeted floor. Web site: http://www.owencohistory.com.
Paducah - Squares - Elks Lodge: Doors open at 7pm at the Elks Lodge, 310 N. 4th. in downtown Paducah, KY. $10 suggested donation. Open bar! Lesson at 7:30 Dance at 8pm! Web site: None.
Petersburg - Squares: Dance at the Petersburg Community Center, 6517 Market Street, Petersburg, KY 41080 at 6pm. Web site: None.
Somerset: Dances in the Fellowship Hall at First Presbyterian Church, 200 N. Vine, Somerset, KY 42501 from 7:30-10:30 p.m. Lesson at 7pm. Pricing is as follows: Adults $6, Students/Children $4, Childcare for 8 and under $4. Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org or "Somerset Contra Dance" on facebook (look for the newsletters in the news section). Web site: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Somerset-Contra-Dance/194026780616706.
Sparta - KY - Squares: Dance at 1490 Highway 35, Sparta, KY 41086 with a potluck meal at 6:30pm and dancing at 7:30pm. Please bring a covered dish to share (meat will be provided), chairs for you and your family, non-alcoholic beverages for you and your family, dancing shoes and a good attitude. Web site: None.
Whitesburg - Cowan Creek Music School: A week long series of classes in instrumental music, old time string band, singing, storytelling, programs for children, Square Dance calling. Register in advance. Web site: http://www.cowancreekmusic.org/?page_id=2.
Whitesburg - Seedtime on the Cumberland: Mostly music (crafts, food and a square dance) festival in early-mid June. Web site: http://appalshop.org/seedtime/.
Whitesburg - Kentucky Dare to Be Square: Square dance weekend at the Cowan Community Center, 81 Sturgill Br, Whitesburg, Kentucky 41858. A fun filled weekend in the Dare to Be Square spirit! Held at the Cowan Community Center, home of the Cowan Creek Mountain Music School near Whitesburg, Kentucky. Featuring: Kentucky style square dance calling, dance, music, and singing workshops, master recital, evening community dances, and meals. Cost is sliding scale $50-$75 to be paid cash or check at the event. Proceeds from the event will go to Cowan Community Center. Housing recommended at the nearby Parkway Inn. If cost or housing is prohibitive, please contact Abby Huggins at email@example.com - For Registration, please use our Event Brite Page: https://www.eventbrite.com/e/dare-to-be-square-kentucky-tickets-42233392213 - Web site: http://cowancreekmusic.org.
Wilmore - Flash Dance: If you're heading to Lexington for Dance Trance, you can extend your weekend with a Flash Dance at the High Bridge Park Dance Pavilion, a spacious, open air Victorian Pavilion in a park that overlooks the Kentucky River and its palisades. High Bridge Park is 45 minutes SW of Dance Trance, which ends at 3:00pm. We'll gather at High Bridge Park about 4:30 for waltzes, contras, and a picnic dinner (BYOE). Pages 2-3 of this document have maps and driving directions. If the pavilion is already rented, we will use one of the smaller gazebos or a grassy area near High Bridge, an engineering feat which was the highest railroad trestle in the world (280 feet) when it was built in 1877. If interested, please email Greg Rohde or call him at 314.283.8685. Web site: http://www.louisvillecountrydancers.org.
This page is part of the Contrdancelinks.com web site. For more information about contra dancing, visit these other site pages:
*The Colorado link will bring you to Dancing on the Web. The Maine link will bring you to the Downeast Friends of the Folk Arts. The New Mexico link will bring you to the New Mexico Folk Music and Dance Society. The Utah link will bring you to Utah Contradance Information. These fine organizations and individuals already have complete listings for these states and there is no reason for me to duplicate their efforts.
**As far as I know, there are no regular dances or events in Mississippi, South Dakota or Wyoming, but I have created pages if something changes in the future.